- WATCHING FOR THE REAPER DEPARTMENT -
Cat Has Nose for Final Hours of Patients’ Lives
Cat Has Nose for Final Hours of Patients’ Lives
PROVIDENCE — Death walks silently among us, invisible except to the cat’s eyes. The cat would be Oscar. He seems to know when people are about to die.
Doctors cannot say for sure how Oscar does it, but they insist the 2-year-old house cat, one of six cats at Steere House Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, has foretold the deaths of more than 25 residents.
Oscar’s uncanny prophecies are described today in The New England Journal of Medicine, in an article by geriatrician Dr. David M. Dosa, an assistant professor at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
The stocky long-haired cat lives among patients with severe dementia, in an end-state ward in which death is a common event. The facility treats people with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
“There are weeks that three or four people will die in that unit, and Oscar will nail every one of them,” says Dosa, “I know it’s seemingly far-fetched,” but he has repeatedly witnessed Oscar’s odd gift. “It’s a very surreal thing.”
Usually about two to four hours before a patient dies, Oscar goes to them. He hops onto the bed, curls up, and stays with them.
The cat’s “mere presence at the bedside is viewed by physicians and nursing-home staff as an almost absolute indicator of impending death, allowing staff members to adequately notify families,” wrote Dosa, in his article for the Journal of Medicine.
Another doctor who treats people at Steere House, Dr. Joan M. Teno, professor of community health at Brown and an expert in end-of-life care, confirms that Oscar “always manages to make an appearance, and it always seems to be around the last two hours.
“Dying is a process that occurs over days,” she says. “It’s not like the cat parks himself there several days in advance. He only goes for those last hours. If it’s not the last hours, he’s not there.”
After the patient dies, Oscar “just gets up and leaves the room,” says Steve Farrow, executive director of Steere House.
So how does Oscar know? How does he know when people are about to die?
“I don’t think this is a psychic cat,” says Teno. “There’s been proven scientific articles that dogs in England are able to sniff out cancer cells and I think a similar type of explanation is possible here. Oscar is smelling some type of chemical or toxin from the body that helps him recognize that the person’s dying. He may like the scent. Part of me says it’s a little bit freaky. Sometimes when I’m making rounds Oscar will come and sit with me in the window, and I keep on saying, ‘Does he know something I don’t?’”
Dosa cited studies that suggest some animals can predict seizures in people. Animals have been known to act strangely before earthquakes. “Animals, for whatever reason, are able to pick up things that we cannot.”
It seemed that nobody in Oscar’s domain was near death yesterday afternoon. The cat chomped some treats at a nurse’s station, and then plopped down in a hallway and licked his shaggy white belly. Oscar looks to be at least 15 pounds. He’s friendly, accepting a quick scratch on the head, but not interested in any more luvin’ than that.
His feline companion on the ward, Mayer, dozed in a plastic tub. Mayer does not share Oscar’s gift for premonition. The cats were not from the same litter, and are not related, Farrow says.
The ward bustled with patients pushing walkers, and nurses wheeling equipment on carts. Oscar ignored it all.
“He’s just become part of the life there, and really become a very positive part of the life,” says Teno.
Home and Hospice Care of Rhode Island presented Oscar with a certificate of merit for providing exceptional end-of-life care, said Farrow.
And Dosa says, “Oscar provides companionship at the time of death.”
So what are family members going to think? “I hope they realize this is a behavior that comes from a community that really cares for these patients,” Teno says, “That’s what I know and see.”
What Oscar sees in the halls of Steere House remains his secret.
Source: The Providence Journal
- FE, FI, FO, FUM DEPARTMENT -
Giants in the Americas
Giants in the Americas
Did giants ever live in North America?
Is there proof that giants once lived and raised families in North America? Stories and newspaper accounts attest to amazing discoveries of huge elaborate caves and mines, gold spears and polished granite inscribed with mystical symbols. Witnesses have reported their discoveries to the Smithsonian Institute and have been promised compensation. Yet, the Smithsonian, archaeologists and other scientists are silent as to the discoveries and have hidden all evidence that is contrary to Darwinian theory of evolution.
The following are actual accounts of giants in North America.
"Atlantis in the Colorado River Desert" - 1947 Nevada news: Near the Nevada - California - Arizona border area, 32 caves within a 180 square mile area were discovered to hold the remains of ancient, strangely costumed 8 -9 foot giants. They had been laid to rest wearing the skins of unknown animals similar to sheepskins fashioned into jackets with pants described as "prehistoric Zoot- suits". The same burial place had been found 10 - 15 years earlier by another man who made a deal with the Smithsonian. The evidence of his find was stolen and covered up by Darwinian scientists.
Dr. F. Bruce Russell had come to Death Valley from the east coast. He had taken up mining in the west for the sake of his health and was exploring across the Colorado River into Arizona. What he found he described as the burial place of a tribal hierarchy within the ritual hall of an ancient people. He felt that some unknown catastrophe had driven them into these caves. All of the implements of their civilization were there, including household utensils and stoves. Dr. Russell reported seeing hieroglyphics chiseled on carefully polished granite within what appeared to be a cavern temple. Another cave led to their sacred hall which contained carvings of ritual devices and markings similar to those of the Masonic Order. A long tunnel from this temple led to a room where, Hill said, "Well-preserved remains of dinosaurs, saber-toothed tigers, imperial elephants, and other extinct beasts were paired off in niches as if on display."
Ten to fifteen years earlier the caves had been seen by another miner who had fallen from the bottom of a mineshaft. In his book, "Death Valley Men", Bourke Lee related a conversation among residents of Death Valley concerning the local Paiute Native American legends of an underground city at Wingate Pass. After falling through the ceiling of an unknown tunnel, the miner had followed it 20 miles north of the Panamint Mountains to discover a huge ancient underground city. He saw arching stone vaults with huge stone doors and a polished round table in the center of their council chamber which had once been lit by ingenious lights fueled by subterranean gases. Leaning against the walls were their tall gold spears. He said that the designs on their thick golden armbands resembled the work of the Egyptians. The tunnel ended at an exit overlooking Furnace Creek Ranch in California`s Imperial Valley. He could see from there that the valley had once been underwater. The tunnel entrance had been a dock or a quay located halfway up the side of the mountain. A deal was made with the Smithsonian museum for the find, but the miner was betrayed by his partner. The evidence was stolen and the entrance concealed. In a 1940 a mining journal, another find was reported of much worked gold found in an 8 mile long cave near San Bernadino.
University of Arizona professor Vine Deloria, himself a Native American, made a similar accusation against the Smithsonian for covering up the remains found within the burial mounds of the Moundbuilder civilization. Surviving diaries from before the time Darwin attest to these discoveries. The Moundbuilders were a different civilization than that of the Indians, they said. The mounds contained the remains of hundreds of giants along with the bones of giant mastodons.
In Cincinnati, Ohio the giant bones were found with large shields, swords, and engraved stone tablets. In Kentucky and Tennessee the bones of "powerful men of towering stature" were excavated. One of these 7 foot men was buried with an engraved copper plate beneath his head. A woman was also found. She was wearing a silver girdle with letters written on it.
The Detroit Free Press reported in 1884 the discovery in Gartersville, Mississippi of the remains of a giant with waist-length jet-black hair. He was wearing a copper crown. With him in his timber burial vault were his children who wore garments decorated with bone beads. The tomb was covered with large flagstones engraved with inscriptions.
In Cayuga, Niagra there is a place called "The Cemetery of the Giants" which was discovered in 1880. Those giants were 9 feet tall and appear to have died violent deaths. Their axes were found with them. Giant bones were also unearthed from a rock fissure on Lake Erie Island. In some of the finds of giant bones, the bones lay in confusion as if left on a battlefield. The Smithsonian does display some artifacts of the Moundbuilders found with the bones of the giants - shell discs and carved stone beads. Many of the bones turned to powdery ash within a short time of being exposed to the air. The Smithsonian has been reluctant to test some less fragile finds. The late Vine Deloria said that it is because they "Might find a really early date for the bones" and that it would be distressing - distressing to their Darwinian time-line.
The Giants of Patagonia
Magellan`s encounter with the Patagonian giants was recorded by his on-board chronicler Antonio Pigafetta, a Venetian nobleman who was a Knight of Rhodes. He was one of only 17 survivors who sailed around the world on the Magellan 5 ship expedition in 1519. He hoped to find adventure and "to gain some renown for later posterity." They set sail from Siviglia "for the purpose of going to discover the spicery in the Islands of Maluco under the command of Captain -general Fernando de Magaglianes, a Portuguese gentleman, comendador of the Order of St. James of the Sword." Pigafetta`s diary was published in Italian, French, Spanish, and later into English. It influenced the writings of Shakespeare, Baudelaire, and Poe. Shakespeare based his character Caliban in "The Tempest" on Pigafetta`s account of the Patagonian giant.
Charles Darwin also sailed around the world and encountered the original inhabitants of Argentina. He described their long flowing black hair, their suits, cloaks and tents made from the hides of the guanaco, a species of llama. Their faces, he said, were painted red and black with one of them painted with his eyes ringed in white with white dots in the manner of the Fuegians of Tierra del Fuego. In one of the cave paintings of southern Patagonia, a five foot jaguar is painted in red with black dots. The Native face painting probably represents this animal. Archeologists identify the cave art as a jaguar of the extinct subspecies Panthera onca mesembrina. It is accompanied by guanaco figures in red and white. The imprint of a giant bird track is also seen in the murals. The Indians hunted ostriches and guanacos with their bolas made of long thongs tied to 2 throwing stones.
Darwin considered the natives to be wild, formidable, and lacking in culture. He would have been surprised to learn that their language consisted of over 30,000 words as compiled by the Reverend Thomas Bridges. Some have compared their Yaghan language to Hebrew while wondering how that could ever have come to be.
The voyage of the Beagle was 300 years after Magellan. At that time the Fuegians were still patrolling the straits in their huge log and hide canoes. Darwin described two naked Indian women that he had seen while in the straits. One looked up at him from her canoe while nursing an infant. They were both drenched in rain and the cold spray from the ocean. Another curious mother watched him "whilst the sleet fell and thawed on her skin and on her baby." The steepness of the cliffs of Cape Horn prevented their landing.
Captain Joshua Slocum was warned before he sailed his sloop through Thieves Strait at night. A friend armed him with a bag of carpet tacks for his passage. Before the Captain retired for the night, he sprinkled the tacks onto the deck of his ship. He awoke to the howls of the barefoot marauders as they climbed aboard. Some returned to their canoes bellowing while the rest dived overboard while protesting loudly. The Captain did not need to fire a shot, although he did fire some rounds after their departure.
Giant human bones were discovered in Peru as well as in Patagonia. The Indians told legends of these former inhabitants who had been destroyed for their transgressions.
Charles Darwin denied the existence of the giants of Patagonia. These Yaghans of such great height could have been seen to confirm the stories of the Biblical giants, thus destroying his entire theory of evolution. Sadly the original inhabitants of southern South America were killed off by European diseases.
Source: UFO Digest/Mary Alice Bennett
- FOR FEAR OF LITTLE MEN DEPARTMENT -
On the Hunt of Fairies
On the Hunt of Fairies
CUMBRIA: land of the lakes, land of the fells, land of the... fairies? Well, the first two certainly, but you may need more convincing over the presence of the little people. However the more you look, the more you find — until it seems that our county is overrun by the little critters.
Lamplugh in West Cumbria was the place not to be if you were unfortunate enough to suffer with fairy-phobia, for it was in this parish that four unfortunates were “frighted to death by fairies” some time between 1658 and 1662.
This compares with three old women who met their deaths when they were “drownd upon trial of witchcraft”, a man whose demise was caused by a sprain in his shoulder sustained while saving his dog and a curious collection of other strange deaths
For a village which had a population of only about 400 people at the time, the fairies seem to have been pretty prolific serial killers.
This information is recorded in an old manuscript held at Cumbria Record Office, Whitehaven, and purports to be a list of deaths taken from the parish register of Lamplugh from “Janry ye i, 1658 to Janye ye i,1663”.
The foolscap-size document is undoubtedly old, and browned with age, but there’s not too much evidence to back its authenticity, and any campaigns for justice for the Lamplugh Four may run in to murky waters.
But that’s not to say that four people weren’t so scared that they dropped dead on seeing the little people — stranger things have happened.
Like a calf floating through the air, high over the sea, coming from the direction of the Isle of Man, as seen by a Whitehaven man standing on what used to be called Fairy Rock near Saltom Pit.
What this unnamed man was witnessing, according to William Dickinson’s Cumbriana, 1876, was the “last fairy to be seen in Whitehaven”.
The calf landed on the rock next to the man, who was so astonished that he exclaimed: “God! weel loppen cofe!” At the sound of the sacred name, the calf disappeared, and no fairy has been seen from that day to this in Whitehaven.
Fairy rock was broken up in one of the violent storms of January, 1872, so clearly Whitehaven has been forsaken by the fairies for a very long time. But why an apparition of a calf should be described as a fairy is unknown.
The last appearance of fairies in Cumbria is said to have been in 1850. Jack Wilson saw them pack up and leave for good one moonlit night, at Martindale, above the shores of Ullswater. His tale is told in Jeremiah Sullivan’s Cumberland and Westmorland Ancient and Modern, 1857, with a few gaps in the narrative, but here goes: Wilson was returning home over Sandwick Rigg when he came upon a large company of fairies “intensely engaged in their favourite diversion”, presumably eating and drinking.
He sneaked closer and noticed a stee (ladder) reaching up into a cloud. When the fairies saw him they all rushed up the stee, drawing it up behind them. He rushed towards them, but was too late to enter fairyland.
And in the concluding words of Jack’s story, which afterwards became proverbial in the neighbourhood, “yance gane, ae gane, and niver saw mair o’ them”.
The fairies were gone - never to return. But they continue to tantalise. Up until 1880 residents of Lanercost, north east of Carlisle, would swear they could hear the fairies’ horses’ harnesses jangling, and tales were still being told of the unseen interventions of the little folk there as late as 1900. In fact, Lanercost is a veritable hotbed of fairy activity.
Closer to home is Castle How, an earthwork on a rocky hillock which dates from Roman times - possibly earlier.
It’s an impressive site overlooking Bassenthwaite at the northern end of the dual carriageway along the side of the lake, and has long been associated with fairies.
Peel Wyke, or Peelwyke, was at the base of the earthwork on the shore of the lake, now cut through by the A66.An intriguing tale is told of amateur excavations at Peel Wyke by a group of young boys uncovering a neat little hut roofed with slate. They went home for a lunch break, but when they returned to the hill to where they had been digging, it was covered with soil and green sward again - and no one has found the place since.
But one evening the boys’ father — a chap called Watson — saw two tiny people dressed in green in a field near Peel Wyke, so naturally he set his vicious dog on them. The dog rushed towards them, but suddenly was struck down. He managed to stagger back to his master, whimpering, but by now the little people had gone, and were never seen again.
This account was published in 1876, and is typical of old account, being scant on detail at times. It was, apparently told by Thomas Bell of Thornthwaite, but no dates are given.
But the fairies have left behind much more concrete evidence of their sojourn in this world. Some may believe that Walls Castle, Ravenglass, is the remains of a Roman bath house. Nice try, but everyone ‘knows’ it’s all that is left of the palace of King Eveling and his daughter, the fairy Modron. Modron is associated with Morgan le Fey, which leads us into the realm of Arthurian legend. Ravenglass as Avalon is another tale for another time.
At Beetham in the south of the county, the little folk left behind the fairy steps, painstakingly carved out of living rock. Some may say it’s a natural geological formation but fairy experts know better.
But the most sumptuous and beautiful object the fairies left as evidence of their existence must surely be the Luck of Edenhall.
Now housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum, this glorious, elegant glass beaker is finely decorated in blue, green, red and white enamel with gilding and is remarkably in perfect condition.
The tale is told how the butler of Edenhall, near Penrith, went to St Cuthbert’s Well for some water and came upon partying fairies. This lovely object was in their midst and, drawn by its beauty, he reached over and grabbed it. The fairies put up a struggle, but it was useless. As they fled they warned: If this glass shall break or fall, then farewell the luck of Edenhall.
Several lucks are associated with Cumbrian houses and families, and some have attracted similar legends.
For once the more prosaic explanation for the origins of the Luck of Edenhall does not detract from its truly magical qualities. It was made in Egypt or Syria in the 13th century, and presumably brought back to the wilds of Cumbria by a crusader after many years in the Near East. But the technology needed to make clear glass was unknown in northern Europe at that time, and the skill needed to enamel such a fragile object must have seemed magical.
Undoubtedly the legend which grew around the Luck of Edenhall helped to preserve it for 700 years. And that is something we can all thank the fairies for.
Source: Whitehaven News