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In a dark, smoke-filled room, somewhere deep in the bowels of an secret government agency, electronic spies quietly monitor all communications throughout the planet. When key words are detected, programs go into action to trace the source and destination of the targeted communication.  And now, red lights are flashing, tapes are spinning, secret intelligence operatives are scrambling, and the black helicopters are flying.  All because once again, cyberspace is filled with your number one source of information on conspiracies, UFO, the paranormal, and much more - Conspiracy Journal!


This week Conspiracy Journal takes a look at such surveillance-society stories as:

- Researchers Scan Internet For Time Travelers -
-
The Lost Giants: A Great Big Contentious Debate-
- The Naturalisation of the ‘Poltergeist’ -
AND: Do Schizophrenics Live in Parallel Universes?

All these exciting stories and MORE in this week's issue of
CONSPIRACY JOURNAL!

~ And Now, On With The Show! ~


INCREDIBLE NEW BOOK FROM CONSPIRACY JOURNAL!


Timothy Green Beckley's Strange Saga: UPDATED EDITION

ONE OF THE MOST POWERFUL AND CONTROVERSIAL FIGURES IN UFOLOGY AND THE PARANORMAL SPILLS HIS GUTS!

The CIA used water-boarding techniques on him yet he never broke his code of silence.

The MIB stalked him and yet he didn’t bat an eye (not any one of his three!)

The Dero set up an underground tunnel system in his basement and he uses it to go to work every day.

Tim Beckley - dubbed "Mr. UFO" because only he knows the TRUTH -- has been saving the world from aliens for fifty years. He is the reason they haven't landed on the White House lawn and why you remain safe in your homes.

At the age of ten, Beckley had his first of three UFO sightings. The event stunned him so much that he took out every book on the subject that he could find in the library. He wrote to the local media questioning the policy of silence he was convinced was taking place worldwide.

At fourteen, he was already appearing on national radio and TV, proclaiming the existence of the aliens (whom he now believes to be inter-dimensional to some extent and, as another likely possibility, the product of Nazi wartime technology.)

His bio is so extensive that he would have to run it in several parts.

Beckley started his writing/publishing career in his youth. At age 14, he purchased a mimeograph machine and started putting out “The Interplanetary News Service Report.” Over the years, he has written over 50 books on everything from rock music to the MJ-12 documents. He has been a stringer for the national tabloids, such as the Enquirer, the Star and the Globe, and the editor of over 30 different magazines (most of which never lasted more than a couple of issues). His longest running effort was the newsstand publication UFO UNIVERSE, which went for 11 years. Today he is the president of Inner Light/Global Communications and editor of “The Conspiracy Journal” and “Bizarre Bazaar.” He has been a regular contributor to “Fate Magazine” for over 40 years and more recently to “Open Minds Magazine.”

He is one of the few Americans ever to be invited to speak before closed-door meetings on UFOs presided over by the late Earl of Clancarty at the House of Lords in England. He visited Loch Ness in Scotland while in the UK and went home with the belief that Nessie was somehow connected with the dragons of mythology as well as strange discs engraved on cathedrals and ghostly phenomena. He is also a recognizable figure on the pop culture scene, having produced and starred in several movies under the moniker of Mr. Creepo. He has hung out with the counterculture’s greatest names and promoted rock shows and New Age festivals.

Though his time in the trenches is by no means over yet.

This book, for the most part, contains his early writings. Samples of his column On The Trail Of The Flying Saucers for Ray Palmer’s “Flying Saucers From Other Worlds Magazine” constitute a large part of this work, as well as his top ten articles from the very prestigious but long-defunct newsstand publication “UFO Report,” published up until the mid-1970s. There are also clippings galore about his career and other memorabilia that will have his fans as well as newcomers to his work scratching their heads in wonderment and perhaps letting out with a giggle or two.

One can only wonder how the next juncture of his life will pan out. . .

For subscribers of the Conspiracy Journal Newsletter this book is on sale for the special price of only $9.00 (plus $5.00 shipping).  This offer will not last long so ORDER TODAY! 


You can also phone in your credit card orders to Global Communications
24-hour hotline: 732-602-3407

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Join Us on The Outer Edge - Begins January 5, 2014!

The Outer Edge Webcast With W.M. Mott and Tim R. Swartz
Begins January 5th, 2014
Midnight EST / 9 pm PST
Guest: Stephen Wagner

http://theouteredgeradio.com/

Heard on the PSN-Radio Network - psn-radio.com

Also: Check Out W.M. Mott's Blog at: http://mottimorphic.com/blog/

- TWEETING FROM THE FUTURE DEPARTMENT -

Researchers Scan Internet For Time Travelers

Anyone hoping to one day emulate the likes of time travellers Doctor Who or Marty McFly in Back To The Future has just been dealt a devastating blow.

Researchers from Michigan have scoured websites, search engine results and social networks dating back as far as 1996 in search of people who discussed select events before they happened.

They even asked time travellers from the future to tweet using a specific hashtag.

Yet despite comprehensive analysis of thousands of records, they were unable to find any evidence time travellers existed.

Since the late 1800s, writers and filmmakers have been obsessed with the allure and intrigue of time travel from H.G Wells’ 1895 book The Time Machine to the Back To The Future franchise and Doctor Who.

Inspired by this fascination, Professor Nemiroff, along with a MTU graduate Teresa Wilson, wanted to use the web to try and find evidence of people from the future living among us.

They began by selecting two events from recent history - the Comet ISON in September 2012 and the appointment of Pope Francis in March 2013.

They then scanned websites and search engine results for conversations or references to these events made between January 2006 and September 2013.

'Were a time traveller from the future to access the internet of the past few years, they might have left once-prescient content that persists today,’ explained Nemiroff and Wilson.

'Such content might have been catalogued by search engines such as Google or Bing, or remain in posts left on Facebook, Google Plus or Twitter.'

They spent months researching and scanning these sites for mentions of the comet and Pope Francis before the respective events took place, but concluded there was no ‘clearly prescient’ mention of either.

They then asked time travellers to send tweets using either hashtags ‘#ICanChangeThePast2’ or ‘#ICannotChangeThePast2’ before the end of August 2013.

The request was deliberately made in September in the hope that a time traveller would see the tweet in the future before travelling back to the past to tweet it before the end of August.

However, no tweets were sent that predated the original request.

'No time travellers were discovered,' said the researchers. 'Although these negative results do not disprove time travel, given the great reach of the internet, this search is perhaps the most comprehensive to date.'

The researchers only searched for time travellers from the future because firstly, the results could be verified, and secondly, as Nemiroff explained: ‘To the best of our knowledge, human technology to create a time machine does not exist in the past, so that time travellers from the past must originate in the future, assuming such technology is ever developed.’

Source: The Daily Mail
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2533260/Time-travellers-dont-exist-internet-Researchers-spend-months-scanning-web-voyagers-future-nothing.html


- HERE THERE BE GIANTS DEPARTMENT -

The Lost Giants: A Great Big Contentious Debate
By Micah Hanks

“It is the mark of a great man,” wrote the French novelist Honoré de Balzac, ”that he puts to flight all ordinary calculations. He is at once sublime and touching, childlike and of the race of giants.” In putting aside those calculations of the modern epoch which might be deemed “ordinary,” one nevertheless runs the risk of plummeting to depths of the inevitable couloir that comprises the modern debate over supposed giant skeletons.

Believed to have belonged to a literal race of giants presumed once to have existed at some point on planet Earth, for years there have been hotly debated arguments regarding the supposed existence beings of large stature, particularly throughout parts of the ancient Americas. Key to this viewpoint is, to borrow again from Balzac’s words, that a literal race of giants trudged throughout the ancient world, existing apart from the ancestors of humans that live today. But how likely is it that actual “giants” once roamed the Earth?

What strange and spurious knowledge, the layman may ask, could lend itself to such a fantastic view of the ancient world? Arguably, if there were the bones of actual giants being unearthed, this would be something that would dominate the news in our modern era of sensationalism. Furthermore, if evidence existed of the reality that giant beings once walked our lands, our current viewpoints regarding the anthropological record would indeed have to revised… and in likelihood, this astounding information would become household knowledge.

At this point in the discussion, the argument tends to become fragmented into two extremely opposing positions on the matter. Believers look to decades-old documentation drawn from newspapers, science journals, and publications by entities such as the Smithsonian (issued mostly during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries) that do document human skeletons of extraordinary proportions, often measuring greater than seven feet in length. Those of the skeptical persuasion argue that things such as erosion and other natural processes that occur over time contribute to the scattering and enlargement of bones, thus giving an inaccurate representation of the specimens being examined. Furthermore, even if a skeleton were accurately measured and found to be in excess of seven feet in length, this is nothing too far beyond the extremities of human height today, especially among those whose physical stature lends itself greatly to competitive sports.

In truth, there is some merit to both positions: debunkers can try to sweep the “giant” finds under the rug all they wish, but there truly are a number of instances where very large skeletons have been discovered. These often bear a number of curious traits, such as double rows of teeth and strange bone formation, suggesting growth abnormalities and the possibility of genetic disorders. But leaning more to the skeptical side, it is important to maintain that if these beings looked human, and possessed traits that are still observed among modern humans, we would probably be incorrect in asserting that they are thus representative of a separate race that existed apart from humankind… something that is constantly asserted in books seeking to address the subject. Again, perhaps there is room both for skepticism, as well as acceptance that reports of large skeletons might present an element of human history worthy of closer study. But is it wrong to call them “giants”, if indeed these instances represent humans of tremendous stature that once existed?

It is curious that there is so often an attempt by the more doubtful among us to dismiss these reports of “giants”, since in at least some cases, excavations have apparently revealed multiple bodies of very tall individuals, buried alongside humans of normal stature; in the best case scenario, this could be viewed as evidence which suggests, at very least, that these human “giants” of long ago might have appeared more frequently than the typical, sparing appearances of individuals today who exceed normal height, due to genetic growth irregularities caused by such things as clinical giantism and acromegaly.

As noted previously, while many have suggested that so-called “giant” bones and their discovery are more likely the results of hoaxes and misidentification, there are a number of cases where giant bones have indeed been recovered, photographed, and even stored in museums; rather famously, the allegations that the Smithsonian has, in many instances, sought to recover these specimens, only to turn around and claim to misplace them, has fueled notions of an intentional cover-up seeking to silence such discoveries. However, there are many giant specimens that have both made headlines, and which made their way to the Smithsonian, as we see in the photograph above, which features one of the largest skulls kept in the U.S. National Museum collections.

Another of these had been a jawbone recovered by Civil War veteran Dr. William DeHart in 1911, which still exists in the Smithsonian’s off-site storage facility, according to their records (see accession card below, obtained via the request of a research associate of mine who inquired about a number of allegedly lost skeletons at the Institute).

The discussion of these aforementioned conditions of giantism and acromegaly brings to light a few other interesting arguments regarding the debate over giant discoveries. For instance, when we examine some of the photographs of giant skulls that exist in collections, we often begin to see traits that are in keeping with conditions like acromegaly, which is a growth hormone imbalance resulting from the production of hormones within the anterior pituitary gland, often resulting from the presence of a tumor. Physical characteristics of individuals suffering from this condition often include pronounced features such as raised cheekbones, a bulging or sloped-looking forehead, and enlargement of the jaw.

In the photograph to the right, the skeleton of an Iranian man who likely suffered from acromegaly (referred to here as a “pituitary giant”) features many of the signs of a growth hormone imbalance, including periosteal reaction, which involves the formation of new bone in response to stimuli periosteum, a membrane that covers bone. Altogether, this would make for a rather “beastly” looking individual, and one can only imagine the rumors that might have circulated had nineteenth century laymen uncovered such an example while, say, plowing a field where they had occasionally managed to turn up arrow heads!

When looking at such reports of “giants”, the average height of these large individuals, while living, tends to have been around seven feet; there are, however, exceptional cases that allege giants of far greater size, sometimes exceeding ten feet in length, have been found. This brings us to another interesting point: a skeptical disposition that is often espoused when arguing about giants (or against them, rather) is that these beings are nothing truly anomalous, since we have often (or at least semi-often) seen humans in modern times of equal extremity in their size. We must accept this as a true statement, since seven feet in height might not indicate anything particularly far removed from some of the more extreme among today us in terms of size. However, the tallest living man on record, Robert Wadlow, stood at only Wadlow8? 11” in height, coming in just short of being nine feet tall. Arguably, if a ten or eleven foot skeleton were actually ever unearthed, this would indeed be quite a find; whether one chooses to call it “anomalous” might still be debated, but using Mr. Wadlow for comparison, there are no known instances in modern times where any human has reached such heights.

There are at least a few compelling reports that have emerged since the late nineteenth century, which suggest ”giant” finds which might exceed the best records of today. The Winona, Minnesota History of Winona County from 1883 mentions the discovery of a pair of skeletons, one of them, found near Mineral Bluff being ten feet in length, and a second, unearthed near the Dresbach township, measuring nine feet. “Their size, form, and structure would lead those well versed in paleontology to believe they belonged to a race prior to the Indian,” the entry reads. If this information could be taken with certainty, we would be faced with the possibility of an ancient human more than a foot taller than Robert Wadlow, pictured here alongside his father, a man of nearly six feet in height (5?, 11” to be exact). Arguably, a ten-foot-tall human would be truly gigantic, by most anyone’s standards.

Similar discoveries of humans that exceeded Wadlow’s physical size tempt our imaginations, but without offering rock-solid evidence of men of immense stature. Taking these for what they are in a historical context, among the best of those cases, the story of the Giant of Castelnau remains perhaps the most intriguing. Here, a series of skeletal portions discovered in the 1890s in France pointed to a Bronze-Age man who, while living, had been at least ten feet or more in height, with a more impressive figure of 11? 6? estimated by Georges Vacher de Lapouge, who discovered the bones. Within a few years of Lapouge’s discovery, reports of human remains discovered at Montpellier, France included bones so large that the individuals they belonged to likely stood “between 10 and 15 feet in height.” The last we hear of these bones is that they were allegedly taken to the Paris Academy, where they were studied. Since at least a few of the good “seven-footers” that were allegedly lost or hidden away by the Smithsonian do still exist in their archives, perhaps if proper channels were followed, some new insights into the whereabouts of skeletal remains from the Castelnau and Montpellier finds could be obtained in modern times also. Arguably, if there were proof of humans growing to anywhere between ten and fifteen feet in height at some point in our past, it would indeed open an all new dimension to the debate over these so-called “giants.”

What we must keep in mind with regard to all this is that most who seek to address the topic are going to gravitate heavily in one direction or another, seeking to favor the likelihood of there being either a vast and mysterious riddle from our ancient past that is continually being covered up by “the powers that be,” or to the contrary, that there is absolutely nothing to any reports of alleged giants, and that all instances suggesting such discoveries are either hoaxes, hearsay, or the results of ineptitude when measurements and other would-be-scientific data was being retrieved. Clearly, there is some middle ground here; some of the extremely large skeletons, for those willing to go looking for them, still exist in private collections and, interestingly, even amidst the Smithsonian’s own archives; photographs and accession cards denoting their existence still exist just as well. Arguably, this should be given serious consideration by conspiracists and skeptical debunkers alike. While we can’t say there was ever a separate race of giants that existed in the Americas or elsewhere, as many have asserted, we can’t in honesty maintain that there have simply never been any skeletons of large stature ever found, or that among them there weren’t some specimens which aroused some compelling questions about the ancient living individual they represented.

Why, then, are many so quick to explain away reports of giant skeletons as being the result of newspaper hoaxes, erosion, scattering and displacement of bones, and other theories which would likely seek to dispel there ever having been a discovery in the first place? Maybe it’s more a semantic matter of what we consider to be a “giant.” Conversely, with the modern medical knowledge of conditions that cause excessive production of growth hormones that are known to cause such conditions among humans, how can so many of the “giant” finds be considered evidence of a “lost race,” or worse, the long-lost evidence of the Biblical Nephilim or some other equally improbable explanation for these finds?

At the end of the day, our best bet might be to stop shoveling dirt on top of the aspects of science and history that we would simply prefer to ignore, based on our beliefs, preconceived expectations, or purely our desire to be right. Behind the debate over the so-called giants of the ancient world exists an opportunity to come to a better understanding of human development and evolution. Choosing not to have that debate, based on ideological misgivings we maintain toward people who don’t share our views, will get us nowhere. Maybe it’s time we decided to meet in the middle, for a change.

Source: Mysterious Universe
http://mysteriousuniverse.org/2014/01/the-lost-giants-a-great-big-contentious-debate/

- THE ELECTRIFIED EARTH DEPARTMENT -

Scientists Find Records of 'Earthquake Lights'

They've been mistaken for UFOs or dismissed as hallucinations. Now geologists have collected a near-definitive list of a rare but fascinating phenomenon - earthquake lights.

Certain types of earthquakes in certain areas can set off blazes of light seconds - sometimes days - ahead of the actual quake. These can manifest themselves as floating balls of light, bluish columns shooting up out of the earth and even reverse lightning, reaching up into the sky from the ground.

A study out Thursday in the journal Seismological Research Letters shows such quakes are tied to a specific type of temblor in areas where certain geological formations occur.

While rare, researchers were able to document 65 examples between 1600 and the present.

• Seconds before the 2009 L'Aquila, Italy, earthquake struck, pedestrians saw flames of light 4 inches high flickering above the stone-paved Francesco Crispi Avenue in the town's historical city center.

• In Pisco, Peru, a naval officer saw pale-blue columns of light bursting four times in succession out of the water on Aug. 15, 2007, as an 8.0-magnitude earthquake struck. Security cameras in the city captured images of the lights as well.

• On Nov. 12, 1988, a bright purple-pink globe of light moved through the sky along the St. Lawrence River near the city of Quebec, 11 days before a powerful quake.

• And on April 18, 1906, blue flames were seen hovering at the base of foothills west of San Francisco just before the great earthquake hit. South of the city, in San Jose, one street was seen to be ablaze with fire in a faint but beautiful rainbow color.

The mechanism that causes the phenomenon occurs only in specific and rare conditions, said Friedemann Freund, a professor of physics at San Jose State University and senior scientist at NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, Calif.

Rocks such as basalt and gabbro, created deep in the Earth's mantle, contain tiny defects in their crystals. When such rocks are stressed, those defects momentarily generate electrical charges, said Freund, one of the paper's authors.

"When a powerful seismic wave runs through the ground and hits a layer of such rocks, it compresses the rocks with great pressure and speed, creating conditions under which large amounts of positive and negative electrical charges are generated," he said. These charges can then travel together, allowing them to reach what's called a plasma state, which can burst out and shoot up into the air.

Another necessary component for earthquake lights to be produced in nature are deep vertical faults in the Earth's crust, some of which can reach down 60 miles and more. Magmas that solidify to become gabbros or basalts have risen along these faults, forming dikes often tens to hundreds of feet thick.

"We speculate that the dikes act as a funnel, focusing the charges until they become an ionized solid-state plasma," said Robert Thériault, lead author on the paper and a geologist with the Quebec Ministry of Natural Resources in Canada.

"When the plasma bursts out into the air, it produces light," he said.

Fewer than 0.5% of earthquakes worldwide occur in the right places to create earthquake lights. The researchers combed through historical documents, many handwritten and some in Latin, dating back centuries. They also looked at modern scientific papers and surveillance-camera records that recorded earthquake lights in real time.

Earthquake lights are sometimes mistaken for UFOs, Thériault said. In the early 1970s, a Jim Conacher was boating on Tagish Lake in Canada's Yukon territory with his wife when they saw seven yellow luminous globes on the nearby flank of a mountain. The nearer orbs slowly drifted up the mountain to join the more distant ones.

Conacher took a photograph of the lights, which made its way to a website listing possible UFO sightings in Canada.

However, when the researchers looked through seismic reports, they found records of the nearby Cross Sound earthquake of July 1, 1973, which measured 6.7 on the Richter scale. There were also two aftershocks measuring 5.2 and 4.1. Though the exact dating of the trip is uncertain (the boaters have died), the researchers believe the lights appeared just a few hours prior to the initial quake.

Areas that contain these specific grouping of traits include Italy, Greece and the Rhine rift, which stretches between France and Germany, as well as several areas in South America. Researchers believe they exist in China as well.

The lights aren't common enough in earthquake zones to be used as a warning system, Thériault said. But they have sometimes functioned that way.

Just before Italy's L'Aquila earthquake, a man in his kitchen saw flashes of brightness outside as intense as daylight. The light lasted for more than a second. Because he had read a paper about earthquake lights previously, he decided to take his family to a safer structure.

Thériault also knows a geologist in Canada who was living in China in 1976. On July 28 that year, he saw earthquake lights, which prompted him to leave his house. Soon thereafter, the devastating Tangshan quake hit. It is believed to have killed hundreds of thousands of people. The geologist survived.

Source: USA Today
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/02/earthquake-lights-rare-phenomenon/4255097/

- THINGS THAT GO BUMP IN THE NIGHT DEPARTMENT -

The Naturalisation of the ‘Poltergeist’
By Sommer_HPS    

An example of the historical continuity of scientific interest in unorthodox questions concerns ‘poltergeist’ phenomena, i.e. the very epitome of ‘things that go bump in the night’.

Probably coined by Martin Luther (a professed poltergeist victim) in sixteenth-century Germany, ‘Poltergeist’ means ‘rumbling spirit’. There is a vast number of historical records of dramatic poltergeist outbreaks afflicting people from all walks of life, not infrequently resulting in interventions by state authorities, which in turn have produced some of the most detailed records. Among the bizarre but apparently robust features of alleged poltergeist phenomena over time are:

    The centre of events is usually a specific person, often an adolescent.
    Unexplained recurring sounds are heard, ranging from raps from within walls or furniture to deafening blows.
    Sounds are sometimes responsive.
    Household objects of all sizes and weights are observed to move, sometimes slowly and appearing as if carried.
    Moved objects appear to penetrate closed windows or walls without causing damage, and they are often reported to be hot.
    Stones are thrown from without, sometimes from a considerable distance.
    If thrown objects approach a person, they often appear to recoil before the impact and drop to the floor.
    Large quantities of water suddenly appear and disappear, and fires ignite spontaneously.
    Persons may be hurled out of bed, slapped or beaten as if by invisible hands, and bitten.
    Writings and drawings appear on walls or in closed spaces.
    Apparitions are perceived, sometimes simultaneously by more than one witness.
    Pets and animals panic or behave unusually.
    In post-industrial times, disturbances correspond with malfunctions or unusual behaviour of electronic equipment.

Traditionally, poltergeists were believed to be demons, elementals, or spirits of deceased evil humans, and their activities have often been associated with witchcraft and black magic. Far from being condemned as folly or superstition, such views were held by figureheads of the Scientific Revolution, such as Francis Bacon and later Robert Boyle. While Bacon submitted bills for the penalisation of witchcraft, Boyle sponsored the English edition of The Devil of Mascon, a classical French poltergeist case, for which he wrote the preface. Boyle (who investigated cases of miraculous healings, premonitions and other supposedly supernatural events) also supported colleagues at the Royal Society such as Joseph Glanvill and Henry More who compiled natural histories of poltergeist disturbances and witchcraft. Historians of science have argued that these investigations were inspired by deep worries of religious deviance (such as popular atheism, animism, hylozoism and pantheism), which were perceived to undermine regulative moral functions of Christian belief in the reward and punishment of the soul in the afterlife.

During the Enlightenment the respectability of the ‘supernatural’  declined dramatically on the backdrop of religiously motivated political unrest, clerical corruption and the horrors of the witch crazes. However, rather than natural philosophers or medics it was religious and political writers such as Joseph Addison who began to treat the ‘occult’ as an object of ridicule and shorthand for irrationality and backwardness. Addison’s play The Drummer, for instance, was a caricature of the ‘Drummer of Tedworth’, a poltergeist case investigated by Joseph Glanville, poking fun of ghost beliefs as well as of atheistic free-thinkers. However, not all Enlightenment savants agreed that reports of ‘things that go bump in the night’ were necessarily to be treated with contempt. G. E. Lessing in Germany, for instance, openly opposed the fashionable wholesale rejection of reports of apparitional experiences and poltergeist phenomena. (According to the German historian Carl Kiesewetter, this was shortly after Lessing became involved in an incident in Dibbesdorf near Braunschweig, where members of a working-class family afflicted by a prolonged poltergeist outbreak were, without further ado, imprisoned for breach of the peace.)

ImageIn the mid-nineteenth century the poltergeist started to be domesticated in Hydesville, USA, when modern spiritualism emerged as a significant global movement from a case featuring a responsive poltergeist who claimed to be a dead merchant. Eminent men of science such as Alfred Russel Wallace, William Crookes, J. J. Thomson and Alexandr Butlerov investigated spiritualist mediums and became convinced of the reality of its phenomena. When the Leipzig astrophysicist Johann F. Zöllner tested his theory of a fourth dimension of space by having a medium experimentally reproduce poltergeist-style phenomena, this became an explosive political issue during the infancy of modern professionalised psychology in Germany. Zöllner, who was supported by physicists like Gustav Theodor Fechner, was publicly attacked by Wilhelm Wundt, Fechner’s disciple and the founder of the first German laboratory of experimental psychology. Wundt’s main worry was that scientific interest in the phenomena of spiritualism threatened the social and religious foundations of civilisation.

Unlike Wundt, his American counterpart William James advocated scientific interest in spiritualism as legitimate, and he became highly active in the investigation of trance mediumship and ‘veridical hallucinations’ (apparitions of the living and the dead that seemed to convey information not known to percipients). Research by James and other psychologists in hypnotism, mediumship and veridical hallucinations spawned important late-nineteenth century concepts of the unconscious. Two major theorists of subliminal cognition were Carl du Prel in Germany and Frederic W. H. Myers in England. Juxtaposing conventional sleep-walking with apparitions of the living, they concluded that both seemed caused by fixed ideas, and they suggested an unusual psychological explanation for apparitions of the dead: Myers proposed that “the behaviour of phantasms of the living suggests dreams dreamt by the living persons whose phantoms appear. And similarly the behaviour of phantasms of the dead suggests dreams dreamt by the deceased persons whose phantasms appear”. Likewise, du Prel believed “If super-sensory capacities are possible without the use of the body, they must be possible without occupancy of it”.

In the twentieth century, Oliver Lodge, Charles Richet, Cesare Lombroso, Filippo Bottazzi, Camille Flammarion, Henri Bergson, Marie and Pierre Curie, the third and fourth Lords Rayleigh and many less known scientists, medics and philosophers tried to reproduce poltergeist-style phenomena under controlled conditions. After authors like du Prel and Myers were eclipsed by psychoanalysis, mental health professionals like Carl Gustav Jung, Eugen Bleuler, Enrico Morselli and the sexologist Albert von Schrenck-Notzing continued to study poltergeist phenomena in the field and in the laboratory. However, they categorically dismissed theories involving the agency of discarnate spirits and advocated a strictly psychodynamic approach. As Schrenck-Notzing put it: “In certain cases, emotionally charged complexes of representations, which have become autonomous and dissociated, seem to press for discharge and realisation through haunting phenomena. Hence, the so-called haunting occurs in place of a neurosis”. Holding that once possibilities of fraud were practically eliminated, they proposed that poltergeist phenomena were to be explained in terms of emotional conflicts unconsciously acted out by individuals with a ‘telekinetic’ disposition, a view which was adopted by psychoanalysts like Alfred von Winterstein and Nandor Fodor.

Scientific interest in poltergeist phenomena persisted in the most unlikely places. Members of the Vienna Circle of Positivism such as Rudolf Carnap and Hans Hahn (who became vice-president of the Austrian Society for Psychical Research) eagerly followed Schrenck-Notzing’s experimental and field investigations. Hahn’s most eminent student, Kurt Gödel, likewise attended experimental séances. The theoretical physicist Wolfgang Pauli believed in the intrinsic interconnectedness of mind and matter even on a macroscopic level and was banned from the Hamburg lab of his friend Otto Stern because Pauli’s presence was believed to reliably wreak havoc on lab equipment and apparatuses. Pauli corresponded extensively with Jung, and along with spontaneous and experimental poltergeist phenomena, examples of the “Pauli effect” informed Jung’s concept of synchronicity. Pauli also corresponded with the Freiburg psychologist Hans Bender, who continued a psychodynamic-synchronistic approach to ‘occult’ phenomena and investigated the ‘Rosenheim case’, a violent poltergeist outbreak in a Bavarian law firm, which parapsychological researchers consider as one of the most thoroughly documented modern cases of ‘recurrent spontaneous psychokinesis’ (or RSPK).

Interestingly, the OED (third edition, updated in September 2006) still exclusively relies on early modern theological notions by defining the poltergeist as “a ghost or other supernatural being supposedly responsible for physical disturbances such as making loud noises and throwing objects about”. This narrow and ahistorical definition strikingly obscures the strong pluralism of empirical and conceptual approaches to the ‘poltergeist’ as a shorthand for a variety of questions regarding the human mind, its place in nature, and, not least, the power of belief and disbelief.

[This text is loosely based on my talk Exorcising the ghost from the machine. Affect, emotion, and the enlightened naturalisation of the ‘poltergeist’, delivered on 10 October 2012 at the Society for the Social History of Medicine Conference, Queen Mary University, London].

Source: Forbidden Histories
http://forbiddenhistories.wordpress.com/2013/09/23/the-naturalisation-of-the-poltergeist/

- DOES THE DARK MATTER DEPARTMENT -

Is Earth Surrounded by Dark Matter?
By Ian O'Neill

Dark mater: The stuff that possesses mass, yet refuses to interact with radiation, so we can't 'see' it. Its nature has eluded scientists for decades, but there could be a reservoir of the stuff sitting right on our doorstep — if the weird measurements made by Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites are proven to be caused by a halo of the so-called non-baryonic matter around our planet.

During a presentation at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) conference in San Francisco in December, GPS expert Ben Harris (of the University of Texas at Arlington) described some tricky measurements of the Earth’s mass using the armada of GPS satellites that are in orbit around our planet. He noticed a mass discrepancy when compared with “official” mass measurements as quoted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).

“The nice thing about GPS satellites is that we know their orbits really, really well,” said Harris. This orbital knowledge helped Harris calculate the Earth’s vital statistic to a very high degree of precision. After analyzing 9 months of data from the GLONASS, GPS and Galileo satellite systems, he found that his measurement of Earth’s mass came in at between 0.005 and 0.008 percent larger than the IAU measurement.

What does this mean? Well, it could indicate some unforeseen error in data collection or analysis (in the GPS or IAU measurements), but there is another more intriguing possibility.

This mass discrepancy could be the influence of a halo, or ring, of dark matter surrounding Earth. By Harris’ reckoning, to explain his measurements, the invisible planetary dark matter halo would need to straddle the equator and be 191 kilometers (119 miles) thick by 70,000 kilometers (43,500 miles) wide.

As noted by New Scientist’s Anil Ananthaswamy, Harris has yet to factor in the effects of relativity and gravitational interactions with the sun and moon.

This research highlights the gaps in our knowledge dark matter. Non-baryonic matter is believed to account for 85 percent of all matter in the universe, but we have yet to directly observe this elusive form of matter, let alone create it in immense particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider. We know it’s out there, however, bulking-out galactic clusters and warping spacetime. Through indirect means, such as gravitational lensing and orbital motions, we can detect the stuff and this most recent GPS measurements provide another tantalizing means of understanding the subtle mass effects on a potential Earth-dark matter coupling.

Interestingly, the hypothetical presence of dark matter could have another subtle effect on our planetary neighborhood. During measurements of spacecraft flybys of Earth, very slight anomalies in spacecraft speed have been detected. For example, NASA’s NEAR asteroid spacecraft used our planet for a gravitational speed assist in January 1998. During the flyby, in addition to the extra velocity the flyby provided, there was an additional mystery boost of 13 millimeters/second. This tiny boost, which has been spotted in other spacecraft flybys, is known as a “flyby anomaly,” and one of the contributing factors could be the gravity exerted on the spacecraft by an invisible halo of dark matter.

The most recent flyby, however, of NASA’s Juno Jupiter mission in November, has yet to revel any velocity anomaly, only adding to the mysterious nature of flyby anomalies.

Source: Discovery News
http://news.discovery.com/space/is-earth-surrounded-by-dark-matter-140103.htm

- BETWEEN THIS WORLD AND THE NEXT DEPARTMENT -

Do Schizophrenics Live in Parallel Universes?
By Dr. Joseph Valks

Schizophrenia comes from the two Greek words that mean ‘to split’ and ‘mind’ because there is a split between what’s going on in their minds and what’s happening in reality.

Usually sufferers only have a single personality, but could they, in fact, be living in parallel universes? As we are not physically aware of other universes their existences is purely theoretical and, therefore, open to conjecture. Quantum objects can exist in different states and it can be argued that each different state belongs to a different world. This would imply a multiverse. This idea has been extended even further to cover actions with more than one possible outcome. If the theory is correct then each possible outcome is in a different but parallel universe. So could schizophrenics actually be spanning more than one reality-state at once?

String theory proposes that our universe is like a bubble existing alongside similar parallel universes and the parallel universes may come into contact with one another. This results in a big bang similar to the one that started our universe.

Many scientists do not believe in multiverses, but others feel that any world that is mathematically coherent can in fact exist and each one is as likely as any other. These would not follow the same fundamental mathematical laws as our universe, but would have equal probability of existence. So who knows what lies over the rainbow? Perhaps you’re living there in your own paradise.

Life after death could even continue in a parallel universe that infrequently interacts with our own. Strange phenomena have been universally reported from individuals pronounced clinically dead or very close to death. This usually includes first a sense of awareness of being dead, such as viewing one’s body from above and watching the doctors and nurses desperately trying to resuscitate. Then a sense of peaceful removal from the world takes over followed by rapid movement through a tunnel towards a powerful light, representing unconditional love. They have even reported receiving knowledge about their life and the nature of the universe before making the decision to return to their body.

    A new ‘psychological’ idea, from Mind Valley, called quantum jumping involves meeting up with your twin self in a parallel universe. It entails initially hypnotising oneself and then passing through a tunnel into a different universe and meeting up with one’s other worldly twin. This ‘time twin’ lacks the particular complex that desperately needs to be cured.

When you remerge from the tunnel you have picked up their persona and your trauma is now cured. It’s kind of like repairing soul damage from your past. You can also pick up knew talents from your talented other self before returning through the portal to modern day reality. Actually, it’s even a bit like, ‘The One’, starring Jet Li, except you don’t have to battle or kill anyone unless you want to learn martial arts! The complete process only takes about half an hour a day, but I’d think twice before forking out a fortune to Mind Valley for promises of wealth. (Maybe selling you the CD is how quantum jumping really did help them get rich!)

As for parallel universes, all through high school people were telling me I lived in another universe – perhaps they were right!

[Joe recently helped develop the British Woodlands food webs educational simulation for Newbyte and is donating his share of The Last Tiger (available Amazon kindle) children’s fantasy novel profits to the Animals on the Edge conservation project.]

Source: Psychology Tomorrow
http://www.psychologytomorrowmagazine.com/dr-joseph-valks-schizophrenics-live-parallel-universes/

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