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The north wind blows with fresh visions of arboreal sleep. Where green once danced in harmony with the Earths loving breath, vibrations of matter freed of material concerns reveal the browns, gold and orange of weary leaves. Restless wings stretch in anticipation of the open sky and the siren call of lands over the horizen. Soon, the quiet serenity of frozen slumber will draw itself over the land with sweet promises of carefree dreams and Persephonies return.This week Conspiracy Journal brings you such nerve-wracking stories as:
- Global Warming 'Confirmed' by Independent Study -
- Artificial Intelligence, Future Humanity and the UFO Enigma -
- Spirits Move Us -
- Massive Comet Came Close to 'Destroying Mankind' in 1883 -
AND: Georgia Girl Says Bones Belong to Ghost
~ And Now, On With The Show! ~
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FIONS - Friends of the Institute of Noetic Sciences
UFO Conference - UFOs and the Evolution of Consciousness, A Weekend of Possibilities...
Friday, Saturday, Sunday
October 21-23 2011
There will be a PRESS CONFERENCE at 6:00PM, Friday Oct. 21 with Whitley Strieber, Linda Moulton Howe, and Richard Dolan, before the film The Hidden Hand.
Friday, October 21, 2011:
World premiere of James Carman's new movie: The Hidden Hand: Alien Contact in the 21st Century. The disclosure film dedicated to revealing the truth behind government secrecy and alien abductions.
Q & A with the director after the screening.
TIME: Starts at 7:00 pm
LOCATION: New York Blood Center Auditorium, 310 E. 67th St. NY
TO REGISTER for this film: email@example.com
Saturday, October 22:
All-day forum with some of the leading experts in UFOlogy.
TIME: 1:00 -5:00 pm
COST: $35 in advance, $40 at the door.
LOCATION: Community Church of New York, 40 East 35th Street
Sunday, October 23:
Meet the Speakers Fundraising Brunch
Join the speakers and Ann Strieber who will speak about her insightful theories as to the true nature of the abduction phenomenon.
LOCATION: To be announced.
T0 REGISTER for the brunch: contact Emily Squires, firstname.lastname@example.org
Whitley Strieber brought the idea of alien abductions to the world with his personal story in the best-selling book, Communion. Whitley will speak about his latest encounters from his new book, What Will Come. www.unknowncountry.com
Linda Moulton Howe: Emmy winning producer and award winning investigative reporter. Frequent guest on Coast to Coast radio, author of Alien Harvest. She will be speaking on "ETs, Time Travelers and Self-Activating Machines”. Her award-winning website: www.earthfiles.com
Richard Dolan is a historian and author of the well-researched volume set, UFOs and the National Security State. His latest book, A. D. After Disclosure, considers the ramifications of what open acknowledgement of contact with extra terrestrials will mean to our civilization.
For more information on how to attend: fions.org/ddnewsletter.html
- SO NOW WHAT DO WE DO DEPARTMENT -
Global Warming 'Confirmed' by Independent Study
The world is getting warmer, countering the doubts of climate change sceptics about the validity of some of the scientific evidence, according to the most comprehensive independent review of historical temperature records to date.
Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, found several key issues that sceptics claim can skew global warming figures had no meaningful effect.
The Berkeley Earth project compiled more than a billion temperature records dating back to the 1800s from 15 sources around the world and found that the average global land temperature has risen by around 1C since the mid-1950s.
This figure agrees with the estimate arrived at by major groups that maintain official records on the world's climate, including Nasa's Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa), and the Met Office's Hadley Centre, with the University of East Anglia, in the UK.
"My hope is that this will win over those people who are properly sceptical," Richard Muller, a physicist and head of the project, said.
"Some people lump the properly sceptical in with the deniers and that makes it easy to dismiss them, because the deniers pay no attention to science. But there have been people out there who have raised legitimate issues."
Muller sought to cool the debate over climate change by creating the largest open database of temperature records, with the aim of producing a transparent and independent assessment of global warming.
The initial reluctance of government groups to release all their methods and data, and the fiasco over emails from the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit in 2009, gave the project added impetus.
The team, which includes Saul Perlmutter, joint winner of this year's Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery that the universe is expanding at an increasing rate, has submitted four papers to the journal Geophysical Research Letters that describe their work to date.
Going public with results before they are peer-reviewed is not standard practice, but Muller said the decision to circulate the papers before publication was part a long-standing academic tradition of sanity-checking results with colleagues.
"We will get much more feedback from making these papers public before publication," he said.
Climate sceptics have criticised official global warming figures on the grounds that many temperature stations are poor quality and that data are tweaked by hand.
However, the Berkeley study found that the so-called urban heat island effect, which makes cities warmer than surrounding rural areas, is locally large and real, but does not contribute significantly to average land temperature rises. This is because urban regions make up less than 1% of the Earth's land area. And while stations considered "poor" might be less accurate, they recorded the same average warming trend.
"We have looked at these issues in a straightforward, transparent way, and based on that, I would expect legitimate sceptics to feel their issues have been addressed," Muller said.
Nevertheless, one prominent US climate sceptic, Anthony Watts, claimed to have identified a "basic procedural error" concerning time periods used in the research, and urged the authors to revise the paper.
Jim Hansen, head of Nasa's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, said he had not read the research papers but was glad Muller was looking at the issue, describing him as "a top-notch physicist". "It should help inform those who have honest scepticism about global warming.
"Of course, presuming that he basically confirms what we have been reporting, the deniers will then decide that he is a crook or has some ulterior motive.
"As I have discussed in the past, the deniers, or contrarians, if you will, do not act as scientists, but rather as lawyers."
"As soon as they see evidence against their client (the fossil fuel industry and those people making money off business-as-usual), they trash that evidence and bring forth whatever tidbits they can find to confuse the judge and jury."
Peter Thorne at the Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites in North Carolina and chair of the International Surface Temperature Initiative, said: "This takes a very distinct approach to the problem and comes up with the same answer, and that builds confidence that pre-existing estimates are in the right ballpark. There is very substantial value in having multiple groups looking at the same problem in different ways.
"Openness and transparency is a must, particularly now with climate change being so politicised, but more to the point, with the huge socioeconomic decisions that rest on it."
Phil Jones, the director of the Climatic Research Unit at UEA who was at the centre of the Climategate incident, said: "I look forward to reading the finalised paper once it has been reviewed and published. These initial findings are very encouraging and echo our own results and our conclusion that the impact of urban heat islands on the overall global temperature is minimal."
The Berkeley Earth project has been attacked by some climate bloggers, who point out that one of the funders runs Koch Industries, a company Greenpeace called a "financial kingpin of climate science denial".
Muller points out the project is organised under the auspices of Novim, a Santa Barbara-based nonprofit organisation that uses science to find answers to the most pressing issues facing society and to publish them "without advocacy or agenda".
Other donors include the Fund for Innovative Climate and Energy Research (funded by Bill Gates), and the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley Lab. The next phase of the project will focus on warming trends in the oceans.
Some scientists were critical of the project and Muller's decision to release the papers before they had been peer reviewed.
Peter Cox, professor of climate system dynamics at Exeter University said: "These studies seem to confirm the global warming estimated from the existing datasets, which is pleasing but not exactly a surprise to those of us who know how carefully the existing datasets are put together.
"It is surprising, however, that the authors believe that this news is so significant that they can't wait for peer review, especially when their conclusions aren't exactly revolutionary."
Source: The Guardian (UK)
- INTO THE MATRIX DEPARTMENT -
Artificial Intelligence, Future Humanity and the UFO Enigma
by Micah Hanks
The theories involving what, exactly, may exist behind the UFO mystery are many and varied. On one hand, we have the popular notion that UFO craft represent alien beings from outer space. On another, we see there are the skeptically-minded observers of this phenomenon that believe we are dealing entirely with a variety of man-made technology, designed by the hands of humans like you or I, and kept away from general public (or even a majority of government) knowledge.
Still others believe that UFOs represent extra-dimensional physical anomalies, or some kind of meta-terrestrial intelligence that is capable of intersecting with our reality in quick bursts, much to the terror and fascination of its Earthly observers.
Wide and open as the number of possibilities for UFO origin remains, it is likely that, in the broader sense, the summation of the phenomenon we call UFOs is comprised of a combination of all these things. Much the same, there may be as-yet-unfathomable explanations that would form the basis for a number of strange things observed in our reality. One of these involves the manipulation of our surroundings by intelligence that seems to abide by physical laws vastly different from ours; but what is the possibly that such intelligence might nonetheless be related very closely to us… or even exist as some strange extension of humanity itself?
The idea is already quite popular in books and film that a sort of programmable structure could exist within our reality, or that some kind of virtual reality might be imposed on humanity, manipulated by other intelligences, culminating in what we perceive as the world around us. The series of Matrix films starring Keanu Reeves explore this possibility, as have, to a certain extent, other sci-fi films and series including Vanilla Sky, The Terminator Trilogy, and a number of others, in that what we view and perceive as the “real world” could be the result of a dreamlike state, or even the result of non-temporal intrusion (i.e. time travel from the future).
Applying all this in a very real sense, on very unique take on this motif was recently expressed at the blog of Maxim Kammerer, an internationally-published scholar, art and history critic, and a researcher of esoterica based out of New York. In his article, A New UFO Hypothesis: Artificial Intelligence, Matrix Simulation World, and Post-Singularity Homo Mechanicus, Kammerer posits the theory that some UFO phenomena may be the result of future humans, referred to appropriately as Homo Mechanicus due to their presumed mechanization in a post-Singularity future, interacting with our present day via a complex reality matrix.
This theory is outlined more in depth in a manuscript that Kammerer details in the article, titled Space-Time Illusions: A Transhumanist Exploration of Jacques Vallee’s Interdimensional UFO Hypothesis, which will hopefully be published in the near future. In his own words, the author says:
“The manuscript compares Vallee’s idea of the unity of matter and consciousness to David Bohm’s theory of the Implicate Order, according to which mind and matter are generated by an underlying Implicate Order which consists of pre-consciousness and pre-matter existing as a single, interpenetrating, and inseparable phenomenon. That UFOs exhibit simultaneous physical and immaterial aspects suggests that the phenomenon is neither material nor immaterial in the normal senses of those terms, but that it may instead originate from a technology that has mastered Bohm’s Implicate Order which lacks spacetime and which consists of an inseparable pre-matter and pre-consciousness that generates matter and consciousness in the domain of illusory spacetime. In this way, a technological mastery of the common ground behind matter and consciousness might help explain the UFO phenomenon. Vallee’s multiverse may be essentially the same as Bohm’s Implicate Order.”
Essentially, Vallee’s interpretation of various dimensional phenomenon in relation to UFOs is not to be interpreted like conventional notions of a “multiverse,” as proposed by adherents to String Theory and multiple alternate dimensions existing alongside ours. Instead, accepting the notion that space and time are, in fact, illusions imposed on our consciousness resulting from our physical ability as humans to perceive a three-dimensional world, we may begin to understand that in the absence of real, physical space, the idea of alternate locations in coincidence with our own becomes obsolete; instead, we are operating in one perceptual area of awareness. Arguably, some of the phenomenon we call “UFOs” or “aliens” represents consciousness stemming from an entirely different perceptual state, which as if by magic to the average human observer, occasionally manage to intersect with humans in this reality.
The entire idea is quite thought-provoking, and as a brief aside, having corresponded with Kammerer about his ideas a good deal in the past, I believe this theory regarding a multitude of strange phenomenon we observe from time to time is as good as any, so far as explaining the often ghostly and intermittently-physical manifestations that constitute UFOs and other anomalies.
Read more about Kammerer’s ideas at his website: http://maximkammerer.blogspot.com/
Source: Mysterious Universe
- THINGS THAT GO BUMP IN THE NIGHT DEPARTMENT -
Spirits Move Us
Readers love -- and occasionally fear -- ghosts that share their homes.- SECRETS OF THE NEW WORLD ORDER DEPARTMENT -
Someone whispers your name, but when you look up, no one's there. You hear footsteps in the next room on a night you're home alone.
You brush it off as imagination or the house settling. Is it really nothing? Or is it something supernatural?
"Ghosts haunt places because there is a connection to their past or present," said Guillermo Fuentes, director of San Antonio Paranormal Investigations in Texas.
"Other ghosts arrive without an invitation and decide they have found a place where they feel comfortable," he added.
Fuentes has conducted more than 450 investigations into what he calls ghosts, spirits, entities and presences. Ninety-nine percent of the requests for investigations were made by women, he said.
"Women are more perceptive and sensitive to feel and perceive these things," Fuentes said. "Women are also more open to talk about it. Men, well, are more closed-minded."
So it's not surprising that when we asked readers to tell us about the ghosts in their houses, we heard from seven women and one man. Most of the stories they had to share were positive, some even comforting.
Karen Nies and her husband lost their first baby, a daughter, at childbirth in 1997. In 2005, they and their two sons moved from their first house to another home in Erie. One night, the couple was watching television and heard loud footsteps running in the upstairs hallway. They went up, only to find both boys asleep.
"We were a bit creeped out," Nies said.
They heard the hallway footsteps many times until Nies invited in a psychic who said their daughter, Mary Faith, was the source of the sound. Nies said it was the psychic's "opinion that our daughter wanted us to know she was still with us after we moved from our old house.
"I hesitate to call these 'hauntings' because we know who it is and it gives us more of a comforting feeling than anything," Nies said.
Fuentes said he thinks if families know who their ghost is, they're more comfortable.
Jeanette Manendo also knows the identity of a ghost. She said her mother, who died in 2005, moved to Ohio after her death.
Veronica Bukowski, known as Grandma Bu, is staying with Manendo's daughter and two grandsons. Greg Gaydos, 11, who has Down syndrome, was the first to hear from his great-grandmother.
His brother, Jerry Gaydos, 10, got mad that Grandma Bu wasn't talking to him, too. So he prayed she would, and now he hears her calling his name, Manendo said.
She takes comfort in knowing that her mother is talking to the boys.
"It just makes me feel good that she's happy," Manendo said.
Although her family knows its ghost, Fuentes says most ghosts are strangers.
Maryann Ferris said she believes "the woman" in her Girard house is a protective presence, although she's also been known to take sewing supplies. Ferris first encountered her in 2006, not quite a year after getting the house.
"I was sleeping in my bed and, it being in the morning, I had slowly opened my eyes to an older woman's face peering right into mine, only an inch or so from my nose," Ferris said.
"She was wearing no makeup and had silver-gray hair pulled back and was wearing some type of old-fashioned glasses ... and she had on a black dress with tiny flowers on it and a small white Peter Pan collar."
Ferris closed her eyes. When she reopened them, the woman was gone. A previous owner of the house told Ferris that the woman would cover her children up during the night.
"The presence is not malicious, and if 'the woman' is going to help me look after my little ones, she is welcome," Ferris said.
She has no desire to dig into the identity of the woman in the 108-year-old house, she said. Fuentes said old houses tend to have more history, echoes and energy from the people who lived there. Ghosts may have lived or died in the houses they haunt. However, they can manifest anywhere, even in a new house, Fuentes said.
'Our very own Casper'
Kathy Findlay's 2004 Victorian house was meant to appear old.
"We built it so it looks like it's been there 100 years," she said.
The Millcreek woman was excited when a ghost took up residence. The first incident happened one night when she turned off the light in the range hood above the stove. Her husband quickly pointed out that it was back on. Other signs followed.
A peanut appearing on a step when the bowl full of nuts had been nowhere near. A bathroom door slamming shut for no reason as a guest approached it. A garage door opening and closing by itself.
"We are certainly not interested in calling in the ghost hunters for a paranormal investigation, because frankly, we are quite content with our sporadic, harmless visits from our very own Casper, the friendly ghost," Findlay said.
Although she referred to the ghost as Casper, Findlay doesn't know whether it's male or female. Fuentes said ghosts can be either. They also can be any age.
'The little old lady'
Kathleen Waterhouse, of Erie, describes herself as "a normal, hardworking person" who "can truly attest to the fact that ghosts are very real."
She said her home had too many incidents to mention them all, so she shared a bit about the most amusing spirit, one she called "the little old lady."
One dark summer night, Waterhouse's family came home to find the spirit in a lit-up window, where they could see her swaying in a rocking chair.
"You knew what you saw but could not believe it, and this made it all so silly and amusing," Waterhouse said.
Ghosts manifest in many ways, Fuentes said. Besides an apparition, they can include a physical touch, a voice or a smell.
"One of the most common manifestations is the change of temperature," he said. "You're in a room, and your baseline temperature reading is 74.5 degrees Fahrenheit, and in a matter of seconds, the temperature drops to 38 degrees Fahrenheit and you can see your own breath."
Bumps in night
Paula Schlopy has lived in two haunted houses.
The dining room in her Corry house, built in about 1935, always feels cooler than the others, she said. On a recent warm day, the room suddenly filled with chilly air, and she and the other two people in it got goose bumps.
Just before moving into the house, she was cleaning in the dining room when it became filled with the smell of french toast, Schlopy said.
In her old Erie house, built in 1888, she was awakened one night by the sound of someone falling down the stairs. No one had. Pots and pans would rattle in cupboards. Schlopy described "flashes of movement and the feeling that you weren't in the room alone."
Shadow in corner
Another reader, Frank Grande, believes he and his brothers weren't the only ones in a bedroom at their grandmother's Farrell home one night about 30 years ago.
Grande said he was 6 or 7 years old. He woke up and noticed a dark figure, no taller than he was, in the corner.
"You could not see any distinct figures on the face," he said. "No eyes, nose or mouth."
It started slowly coming toward him, and he yelled to his mother that someone was in the room.
She called the police. The "shadow person" remained in the room until the police came and shone flashlights in the corner, Grande said. After the police left, the figure reappeared and didn't go away again until the police returned with their lights, he said.
"I'll never forget that night as long as I live," Grande said.
While such ghostly experiences can be frightening to humans, Fuentes said ghosts can be scared, too. He also characterized them as caring, confused or apprehensive.
Some don't want to be bothered, but "most ghosts are seeking for attention," he said.
One way they try to get it is by taking things.
The misplaced remote
Becky Shafer was used to the occasional unexplained footsteps, voices and shadows in her turn-of-the-century Fairview home. She didn't really take notice until the television remote control went missing. Days of searching turned up nothing.
"Not until coming home from purchasing a new remote did we find the original," she said. "It was laying in the middle of the living room floor."
Fuentes said this is pretty common behavior for ghosts.
"It's a polite way to say, 'I'm here,'" he said.
Source: Erie Times News
The Capitalist Network that Runs the World
As protests financial power sweep the world this week, science may have confirmed the protesters' worst fears. An analysis of the relationships between 43,000 transnational corporations has identified a relatively small group of companies, mainly banks, with disproportionate power over the global economy.
The study's assumptions have attracted some criticism, but complex systems analysts contacted by New Scientist say it is a unique effort to untangle control in the global economy. Pushing the analysis further, they say, could help to identify ways of making global capitalism more stable.
The idea that a few bankers control a large chunk of the global economy might not seem like news to New York's Occupy Wall Street movement and protesters elsewhere. But the study, by a trio of complex systems theorists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, is the first to go beyond ideology to empirically identify such a network of power. It combines the mathematics long used to model natural systems with comprehensive corporate data to map ownership among the world's transnational corporations (TNCs).
"Reality is so complex, we must move away from dogma, whether it's conspiracy theories or free-market," says James Glattfelder. "Our analysis is reality-based."
Previous studies have found that a few TNCs own large chunks of the world's economy, but they included only a limited number of companies and omitted indirect ownerships, so could not say how this affected the global economy - whether it made it more or less stable, for instance.
The Zurich team can. From Orbis 2007, a database listing 37 million companies and investors worldwide, they pulled out all 43,060 TNCs and the share ownerships linking them. Then they constructed a model of which companies controlled others through shareholding networks, coupled with each company's operating revenues, to map the structure of economic power.
The work, to be published in PloS One, revealed a core of 1318 companies with interlocking ownerships (see image). Each of the 1318 had ties to two or more other companies, and on average they were connected to 20. What's more, although they represented 20 per cent of global operating revenues, the 1318 appeared to collectively own through their shares the majority of the world's large blue chip and manufacturing firms - the "real" economy - representing a further 60 per cent of global revenues.
When the team further untangled the web of ownership, it found much of it tracked back to a "super-entity" of 147 even more tightly knit companies - all of their ownership was held by other members of the super-entity - that controlled 40 per cent of the total wealth in the network. "In effect, less than 1 per cent of the companies were able to control 40 per cent of the entire network," says Glattfelder. Most were financial institutions. The top 20 included Barclays Bank, JPMorgan Chase & Co, and The Goldman Sachs Group.
John Driffill of the University of London, a macroeconomics expert, says the value of the analysis is not just to see if a small number of people controls the global economy, but rather its insights into economic stability.
Concentration of power is not good or bad in itself, says the Zurich team, but the core's tight interconnections could be. As the world learned in 2008, such networks are unstable. "If one [company] suffers distress," says Glattfelder, "this propagates."
"It's disconcerting to see how connected things really are," agrees George Sugihara of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California, a complex systems expert who has advised Deutsche Bank.
Yaneer Bar-Yam, head of the New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI), warns that the analysis assumes ownership equates to control, which is not always true. Most company shares are held by fund managers who may or may not control what the companies they part-own actually do. The impact of this on the system's behaviour, he says, requires more analysis.
Crucially, by identifying the architecture of global economic power, the analysis could help make it more stable. By finding the vulnerable aspects of the system, economists can suggest measures to prevent future collapses spreading through the entire economy. Glattfelder says we may need global anti-trust rules, which now exist only at national level, to limit over-connection among TNCs. Bar-Yam says the analysis suggests one possible solution: firms should be taxed for excess interconnectivity to discourage this risk.
One thing won't chime with some of the protesters' claims: the super-entity is unlikely to be the intentional result of a conspiracy to rule the world. "Such structures are common in nature," says Sugihara.
Newcomers to any network connect preferentially to highly connected members. TNCs buy shares in each other for business reasons, not for world domination. If connectedness clusters, so does wealth, says Dan Braha of NECSI: in similar models, money flows towards the most highly connected members. The Zurich study, says Sugihara, "is strong evidence that simple rules governing TNCs give rise spontaneously to highly connected groups". Or as Braha puts it: "The Occupy Wall Street claim that 1 per cent of people have most of the wealth reflects a logical phase of the self-organising economy."
So, the super-entity may not result from conspiracy. The real question, says the Zurich team, is whether it can exert concerted political power. Driffill feels 147 is too many to sustain collusion. Braha suspects they will compete in the market but act together on common interests. Resisting changes to the network structure may be one such common interest.
The top 50 of the 147 superconnected companies
1. Barclays plc
2. Capital Group Companies Inc
3. FMR Corporation
5. State Street Corporation
6. JP Morgan Chase & Co
7. Legal & General Group plc
8. Vanguard Group Inc
9. UBS AG
10. Merrill Lynch & Co Inc
11. Wellington Management Co LLP
12. Deutsche Bank AG
13. Franklin Resources Inc
14. Credit Suisse Group
15. Walton Enterprises LLC
16. Bank of New York Mellon Corp
18. Goldman Sachs Group Inc
19. T Rowe Price Group Inc
20. Legg Mason Inc
21. Morgan Stanley
22. Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group Inc
23. Northern Trust Corporation
24. Société Générale
25. Bank of America Corporation
26. Lloyds TSB Group plc
27. Invesco plc
28. Allianz SE 29. TIAA
30. Old Mutual Public Limited Company
31. Aviva plc
32. Schroders plc
33. Dodge & Cox
34. Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc*
35. Sun Life Financial Inc
36. Standard Life plc
38. Nomura Holdings Inc
39. The Depository Trust Company
40. Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance
41. ING Groep NV
42. Brandes Investment Partners LP
43. Unicredito Italiano SPA
44. Deposit Insurance Corporation of Japan
45. Vereniging Aegon
46. BNP Paribas
47. Affiliated Managers Group Inc
48. Resona Holdings Inc
49. Capital Group International Inc
50. China Petrochemical Group Company
* Lehman still existed in the 2007 dataset used
Source: New Scientist
- WHEW, THAT WAS A CLOSE ONE DEPARTMENT -
Massive Comet Came Close to 'Destroying Mankind' in 1883
When this photograph was taken in 1883 it was heralded as the first photographic evidence of UFOs.
But now scientists from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México believe it could have been a massive comet that came as close as 335 miles to the Earth - with a similar mass to the object that killed the dinosaurs.
Mexican astronomer José Banilla took the image, which appears to show something passing in front of the sun, on August 12 1883.
When it was released publicly in 1886 in the magazine L'Astronomie it was dubbed the first photo of a UFO - a series of 447 objects that looked 'misty' and 'left behind a similar misty trace.'
A new study by the Univeridad Nacional Autónoma de México now suggests that it was a comet in the process of breaking up.
'Our working hypothesis is that what Bonilla observed in 1883 was a highly fragmented comet, in an approach almost flush to the Earth’s surface,' writes Hector Javier Durand Manterola, the lead author of the report.
'Using the results reported by Bonilla, we can estimate the distance at which the objects approach to the Earth’s surface.
'According to our calculations, the distance at which the objects passed over was between 538 km and 8,062 km, - and the width of the objects was between 46 m and 795m'
The mass of the original comet could have been up to eight times the mass of Halley's comet.
Using the time that it took the object to cross the sun combined with the location of Bonilla's observatory, the report calculated that the object would be at most 8,000km away, and possibly much less.
'The only bodies in the Solar System which are surrounded by a bright mistiness are the comets, so it is appropriate to suppose that the objects seen by Bonilla were small comets,' said the scientists.
And as well as being shockingly close to earth, the scientists believe that the comet could have had the same mass as the object that wiped out the dinosaurs - eight times the mass of Halley's comet.
The report's claims have been questioned, though, as a comet breaking up so close to earth should have resulted in a meteor shower, and no astronomers detected one.
The regular Perseid meteor shower, which occurred shortly after Bonilla's photograph was described in reports as 'not a fine one by any means.'
Source: Daily Mail (UK)
- GUEST AUTHOR DEPARTMENT -
Unidentified Flying Light-Form in Irish Meadow
by Diane Tessman
I lived in Ireland for five years, studying Celt shamanism and Pagan spirituality, ruins, relics, and how this mystical, dynamic Pagan knowledge is alive and well today in rural Ireland. In the future, I hope to do an article on a few of my impressions and experiences.
However, back to the above flying light form, a few explanations: I sent this photo to a friend in the States, and thus her label,“Sakima,” Ireland, 1/92. In fact, the photo was taken in May, 1991. I also have copies of the photo, plus the original, but I had the best luck uploading this one (the first photo), which she sent to me in e-mail form.
My cat’s name was Sakima, but it may seem I named the flying light-form, “Sakima.” I don’t believe Sakima the Cat saw the amazing flying light-form, nor did I. When I got the photos back from the “chemist” (pharmacy), which developed them, there was this flying light-form which a young Irish friend of mine called, “the flying gummy bear.”
Of course you can consider that the light-form is flying toward the camera, in which case he, she, or it, has two “goggles” and a rounded “tail;” however, the momentum seems to be away from the camera, which makes he/she/it seem like a flying teddy bear.
In the second photo, the light-form has shape-shifted and has indeed gone farther away from the camera. Now it is a disk, still composed of what looks like pure white light.
The cottage I rented for five years in the rural Kilkenny countryside was called Ballinvaugh. It had 19 very old apple trees which were in bloom. The tree which the light form has flown toward, or into, in the second frame, is a beech tree. There were a number of huge beech and chestnut trees.
Fairies are said to love apple blossoms, and in fact I took photos of “herds” of “fairy globes,” too. The largest orb is hovering near a daffodil close to the ground, but most of the photos show numbers of them hovering above the apple trees. These globes have visible “membranes,” around the outside and were transparent, or nearly so, in the interior of their orbs. I might post these photos another time. I did not see the globes with the naked eye, either.
The entire area is very mystical. The Castlemorris Forest is just across the soggy green field, and my landlord’s mother had encountered fairies there as a child. There is a wonderful old ruins and graveyard close by, and the Harristown Dolmen is just a few miles up the road.
A word about why people are fascinated by UFOs and the paranormal, including my “flying gummy bear” whom you can call Sakima, if you wish (my cat would be ok with it).
I am one of the writers on these subjects who does stretch into science speculation. I always say “maybe” or “perhaps,” I do not give one science speculation explanation as some kind of gospel truth. However, I did not enter the UFO field because I like science fiction and speculation.
With me, the UFOs came first. I had several encounters when I was a young child. You can call these “abductions” if you wish, they fit that definition. I have physical evidence of these encounters, so I might be considered better documented than some abductees. I have a scar which my parents knew nothing about (I quizzed then at length), my brother who is ten years older, knows nothing about, and which could easily be seen as meaningful because of its laser precision (in 1950?!), and location. I talked with Budd Hopkins at length back in 1980, about becoming one of the “unexplained scar” cases which he documented at length, and I decided against this joining Budd’s study. This is not a reflection on Budd Hopkins, whom I liked very much.
So, I have lived with UFOs and the paranormal all my life. I have had many unusual experiences and sightings throughout my life; in fact, I consider them normal and I’d be devastated if they left.
I like science fiction because I know there is a whole universe out there which humans do not perceive or know about (but this is changing!). I enjoy science speculation because of who I am and what I have experienced since the age of 3; I suppose I am trying to find out more about myself.
In fact, my mother was not supposed to be able to have another child due to surgery for ovarian cysts, and I was born ten months later, so I may have been “of that other world” before I was even born. I am not a science fiction writer who has decided to play around with the UFO field and come up with a bunch of crazy theories.
I am not saying I am unusual or exceptional, because I know nearly all of us who write about UFOs, who speculate, document, wonder, and are generally obsessed, came by it through being different ourselves. Some of us take the scientific route, others take the spiritual route. Some of us take both, call us bi-routers.
We may have had a birth which should not have happened, or have been adopted, or have seen a ghost when we were a child, or we may have seen a UFO, or we may have been in a bad accident and become a “different person” after that accident. There are a million variations, and I have counseled abductees, star people, light workers, enlightened humans, whatever to call us, for 30 years now. My approach is to stop thinking of oneself as an abductee/victim and consider all the worlds which have opened up, because of one’s strange experience.
It’s called making lemonade out of a lemon - that’s if you consider having an encounter as a “lemon.” I consider it “lemonade” in the first place!
Of course there are people who had a really frightening abduction, and I realize they cannot make lemonade out of it.
Ultimately, my abductions were positive and I would not change a moment of them, though I suspect they existed “outside” of the “time” we humans know.
I suspect that nearly all of us who love science fiction and science speculation, and who enjoy UFO Digest, were attracted to science fiction/speculation because of our actual experiences with the unknown. It is part of the search if you wish it to be.
There are millions of science fiction fans who are not into UFOs at all and therefore would not bother to write an article for UFO Digest which is a mini-science fiction story.
There is also a great difference between science fiction and science speculation. For instance, it is science speculation that UFO occupants control their craft through their thoughts. Fact: Our military is working on having its pilots control their craft by thinking the orders to the controls.
On the other hand, “Superman” and “The Green Lantern” are science fiction.
We have all had different experiences on our life path; they can’t be summarized as “this writer entered the UFO field because she is a science fiction writer,” while “that writer entered the UFO field
because she has had strange experiences all her life.” Most of us enjoy science fiction AND have had many strange experiences. We choose to explore all of this exciting stuff in various ways.
Why divide us up? Of course each person’s experiences are unique, by definition, but we all demand disclosure by governments of alien presence in our skies. We all know “they” really are out there and right over our heads, for that matter. We all know there are fakes, liars and people with mental issues but, despite all this, UFOs are real and so are their occupants.
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- WHO HAS MY BONES DEPARTMENT -
Georgia Girl Says Bones Belong to Ghost
Investigators unsure how possible human remains got inside insulation.
A Russell County Georgia fifth-grader is convinced bones found in her home last weekend belong to a mysterious friend who told her about being chopped up years ago.
Investigators have few clues about how and when the bones got inside insulation under the living room floor of the mobile home on Jowers Road, near East Alabama Motor Speedway.
The 10-year-old, Stephanie Ogden, and her family have lived in the home since 1998. Her great-grandparents, John and Marion Stewart, own the home.
The bones were found Saturday as the Ogdens, who are renovating the home, pulled up boards in the living room floor. Russell County Sheriff's Lt. Heath Taylor said an initial analysis shows the bones are from the pelvis and leg of a child at least 10 years old, and the child has been dead at least 10 years.
Another bone was found Sunday, Marion Stewart said. The area where the bones were found had duct tape over the insulation, Stewart said.
"There's an odor there that doesn't belong," Stewart said.
The bones probably don't have enough marrow to do DNA tests, Taylor said. Because the trailer has been moved several times between Georgia and Alabama, investigators now are faced with the daunting task of trying to track down missing children from a wide area in two states.
Taylor said gnaw marks on the bones may indicate a rodent placed them inside the insulation. Dirt and plant material on the bones indicate they were outside at one time, Taylor said.
Stephanie said a black girl in a white dress started visiting her room when she was about 5 years old. The girl was friendly, but she told Stephanie a horrible story.
"She told me that somebody put her in the floor," Stephanie said. "She said he had a mask on, and that he chopped her up. She didn't know who the person was, because he had a mask on."
Stephanie, a fifth-grader at Dixie Elementary School, now thinks that the bones that were found in her home belong to her playmate.
"It's possible because that girl was a ghost," Stephanie said Monday. "Nobody knows about them."
Marion Stewart said Stephanie used to tell her family about the visitor, but the adults always dismissed the stories as being an imaginative child's fabrication based partly on horror movies. Stewart said Stephanie used to always ask for two glasses of soda when she would play outside -- one glass for her and one for her friend.
Stewart said the weekend's grisly discoveries have convinced her that her great-granddaughter's playmate is actually a tormented soul seeking peace.
"I'm not a psychic, and I don't believe in some of that stuff," Stewart said. "But I believe this is a soul who has not been put to rest."
Taylor said detectives can't base their work on ghost stories.
"Do you have any idea how hard it is to investigate a ghost?" he said Monday.
Investigators are looking through databases of missing children to find any links to the trailer's location, but Taylor doesn't hold out much hope of solving the case.
"It's just one of those cases where there's just not a lot to go on," he said.
Source: The Ledger-Enquirer
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